pediatrics

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Acute pediatric gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, can cause vomiting and abdominal pain, and is responsible for some 1.7 million emergency room visits annually in the US. Current treatment protocol suggests the use of probiotics, but findings from a new double-blind randomized...

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Researchers from the Center for Applied Genomics at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia report the discovery of gene variants that are associated with elevated risk for migraine in African-American children. The authors state that the findings may inform the development of targeted treatments for...

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Researchers from the University of Southern California have recently completed a survey of frontline providers concerning care for infants affected by neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) resulting from in utero exposure to opioids. Conclusions drawn from this work have resulted in the identification...

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Children with complex medical challenges and/or intellectual or developmental disabilities present special problems for clinicians in diagnosing and assessing chronic pain. A new study published in the current edition of the American Journal of Nursing examines these difficulties and proposes...

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Researchers from Nationwide Children’s Hospital’s Center for Injury Research and Policy are warning of serious health risks to children from unintentional exposure to buprenorphine, the medication often used to treat opioid use disorder. Findings from their recent study, conducted in association...

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Researchers from the School of Women’s and Children’s Health, University of New South Wales, and colleagues report that pediatric cancer survivors who are treated with the chemotherapy medication cisplatin are at greater risk for development of long-term peripheral neuropathy. According to the...

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Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine and colleagues write that prescription cough and cold medications that contain hydrocodone carry greater risk for adverse effects in children than do those that contain codeine. Additionally, they suggest that the use of any opioid-containing...

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Diversion has long been recognized as one aspect of the overall public health issue presented by opioid misuse, and SAMHSA has reported that almost 50% of US teenagers who misuse a prescription opioid obtained the drug from a relative or friend. But there are increasing reports of diversion in the...

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New research using mouse models suggests that the use of glucocorticoids such as prednisone for the treatment of inflammation and pain from rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions may contribute to early onset osteoporosis and fracture risk in pediatric patients. Glucocorticoids are frequently...

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New research from a team of Canadian and US investigators reports that sleep quality can influence the relationship between pain and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. Previous studies have found that children and adolescents with chronic pain also have higher incidence of PTSD, but...

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