Pelvic pain affects about 25% of reproductive age women. However, science and medicine are just beginning to explore both the central and peripheral factors underlying various subtypes of female pelvic pain. Traditionally, diagnosis and treatment has focused on potential visceral causes of pelvic pain such as endometriosis, interstitial cystitis, and vulvodynia. Newer evidence has emerged suggesting the complex interplay of somatic structures such as the pelvic floor musculature in patients with visceral pelvic pain syndromes. This session focuses on the epidemiology and impact of female chronic pelvic pain (CPP), known pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CPP, specifically rehabilitation approaches. This session also addresses pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, a common pelvic pain subtype. Current research in the field will be highlighted. The presentation is expected to help learners enhance their care of female patients with pelvic pain.