Pain conditions that often occur together and either solely or predominantly affect women have been recently termed by the NIH as chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs). They include: vulvodynia, temporomandibular disorders, myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, chronic tension-type and migraine headache, and chronic low back pain. (Six of these affect ≥50 million people and cost >$80 billion annually in health related costs.) Dr. Sawsan As-Sanie discusses.
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