Men and Women May Benefit From Tailored Rehabilitation Approaches

Findings from new research suggest that postsurgical outcomes from total hip arthroplasty (THA) may differ for men vs women, and that sex-specific rehabilitation programs may prove beneficial to both. The study, conducted by researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago, was undertaken to examine why the difference in postsurgical outcome occurs. Senior author Kharma Foucher, PhD, Assistant Professor of Kinesiology and Nutrition at UIC, commented, “Over the last 5 to 10 years, an increasing number of studies have suggested that women are at risk for poorer outcomes from total hip and knee replacement. As a biomechanics researcher, I wanted to know whether or not any of the biomechanical differences between men and women could be coming into play.” The findings are slated for presentation this week at the ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting in Washington.

THA is a common treatment for the degenerative changes affecting joint cartilage in the hip. The research team analyzed results for 60 male and 64 female patients, average age 61, and with an average body mass index of 29, both before, and 1-year following THA. Factors including hip abductor strength, functionality, and pain were compared, and gait analysis was performed. The study found that hip abductor strength and abductor function were associated with better functional recovery in women, but not in men. The reason for the difference was not apparent from this research, but, the authors contend, the findings suggest that different rehabilitation priorities for men and women may be indicated.

Read more about the conclusions here.


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