Pain represents a foremost feature of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). Symptoms include ipsilateral upper extremity pain, sensory loss, shoulder and neck discomfort, arm paresis or edema, headache, and even sympathetic nervous system impairment. The presentation will cover an evidence based review of the classification, etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic measures, and surgical treatment of NTOS with a focus on nonoperative therapies such as physical modalities, pharmacological therapies, and more contemporary minimally invasive, cervicothoracic intramuscular treatments with botulinum toxin. (Recorded at PAINWeek 2017)
Did you enjoy this article?
Subscribe to the PAINWeek Newsletter
and get our latest articles and more direct to your inbox