Although there are no genome-shaped Peeps® on the shelves of your local grocery store, it is indeed National DNA Day. In 2003, the Human Genome Project, voyaging inward instead of outward, mapped all of the genes of Homo sapiens. This scientific breakthrough has led to hundreds of biotech products in the pipeline. New medications based on HGP still may take over a decade until they go up for FDA approval, but thanks to this new information, testing will be faster and more accurate for future health risks and possible prevention.
Favorite DNA/genome facts:
So much for being unique! Humans are about 99.9%; less than 0.1 of 1% makes us individuals. The sequencing of the first genome cost almost $3billion and took 10 years. Now, it costs $1,500 and can be done in a few days.
To see a 2-minute video on genome sequencing, click here.
For more information, visit the National Human Genome Research Institute website, here.